ART 101 Los Angeles Valley College Getty Villa Museum Discussion: Art & Design Answers 2021

ART 101 Los Angeles Valley College Getty Villa Museum Discussion: Art & Design Answers 2021

ART 101 Los Angeles Valley College Getty Villa Museum Discussion: Art & Design Answers 2021

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ART 101 Los Angeles Valley College Getty Villa Museum Discussion

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Art 101 Getty Villa Museum Assignment
SPRING 2021
Value: (100 points)
Due: Sunday, May 30th 10 PM
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Getty Villa Museum
17985 Pacific Coast Hwy
Pacific Palisades, CA 90272
Instructions:
PART I (50 points): Your assignment is to visit the Getty Villa Museum website or make a reservation to view the
Getty Villa collection in person and to answer the following questions. You can search the museum s antiquities
collection by clicking on the following link: Getty Museum s Antiquities Collection
To make a reservation to visit the museum in person, click on the following link: Getty Villa Museum Reservations
Once you have found the work of art, read its description. You may find links for podcasts at the bottom of the
description on the website.
Click on Related Media to listen to the audio recording about the work of art on the website.
Click on Bibliograph for hotlinks for additional readings on the website.
PART II (50 points): Write a short essay (2 pages maximum) with a discussion about Homer s The Odyssey and selected
works of art in the collection. Make sure to follow the instructions carefully when researching and writing this short
essay. The essay needs to follow MLA formatting guidelines.
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First Floor: (Ans er the follo ing about the museum s C cladic, Greek & Etruscan collection.)
1. Locate the Harp Player. (Cycladic, 2700 – 2300 BCE, Marble, 85.AA.103) from the Early Cycladic period
was likely made from natural abrasives to gently grind the stone. What abrasives were likely used?
a. Marble
b. Granite
2.
Search for the Female Figure of the Early Spedos Type. (Cycladic, 2700-2500 BCE, Marble, 88.AA.79).
Although the role and meaning of the figures is unknown, how have some scholars interpreted these
Cycladic female figures and what roles might they have played ?
Females or pregnant women
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3. Proceed to Gallery 104, locate the Prize Vessel from the Athenian Games.
(Attributed to the Marsyas Painter, Greek, Athens, 340 – 339 BCE, Terracotta, 79.AE.147).
How many jars (vessels) would be given to the victor?
The
victors would get a lot of jars
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1
What do the inscriptions say on the left side of Athena?
Of the Prizes from Athens
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What do the inscriptions say on the right side of Athena?
Mark of an official prize
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4. Find the Statue of a Kore (The Elgin Kore). (Greek, c. 475 BCE, marble, 77.AA.114) What are the
characteristics that identify the sculpture from the Archaic period?
The
characteristics that identify the sculpture from the Archaic period are the curves and the human figure
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5. Locate the Pitcher with Lions and Panthers. (Attributed to painter of Malibu, Greek, c. 625 BCE,
85.AE.89) What characterizes the pitcher or olpe from the Orientalizing period?
The shape of the heads of the Asian dragons
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6. Locate the Grave Stele Philoxenos and his Wife, Philoumene. (Greek, c. 400 BCE, marble, 83.AA.378)
What do we suppose the handshake symbolizes on this funerary monument? How do we know the name
of the figures depicted on this gravestone?
The handshake represents farewell. Their names are inscribed above their hands
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7. Locate the Attic Black-Figure Neck Amphora (Storage Jar with Theseus Slaying the Minotaur).
(Workshop of Exekias, Greek, c. 550 BCE, Terracotta, 85.AE.376). How would you describe the vessel
e.g. type, figures, subject?
Theseus fighting a minotaur surrounded by people
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8. Find the Attic Red-Figure Kalpis (Water Jar with Herakles Wrestling the Nemean Lion).
(Attributed to Aegisthus Painter, Greek, 470 BCE, Terracotta, 86.AE.230)
2
s
How would describe the scene of Herakles wrestling the lion? Does it appear obvious that Herakles will
accomplish his first labor?
A strong man and a lion under him. Yes, it appears obvious that Herakles will accomplish his first
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labor
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9.
Find the Statue of Hercules (Lansdowne Herakles). (Roman, c. 125 CE, Marble, 70.AA.109.1) The idea
of the hero was perfected in ancient Greece. For the Greeks, heroes existed on a cosmological level between
humans and gods. According to the poet Hesiod, heroes were a godlike race of humans who had lived in a
previous age. Although they themselves were mortal, the heroes attracted the attention, and often the
protection of, the immortals. In another tradition, heroes emerged when gods and men were still living
together as a generation of children of half-mortal, half-divine parentage. In their strength, their passions,
and their achievements, the heroes far surpassed ordinary humans. All heroes are nevertheless mortal and in
time confront their mortality. Yet even in death a hero may surpass ordinary peoples, for the glorious deeds
that have brought him to his death may also bring him everlasting renown. Some, like the great hero
Herakles (whom the Romans called Hercules), actually became gods after death.
What are the attributes that help identify this statue as Herakles/Hercules?
The attributes that help identify that this statue is Herakles/Hercules is the lion skin and the club
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10. Find the Pithos with the Blinding of Polyphemos (Workshop of the Calabresi Um, Etruscan, 650-625
BCE, Terracotta, 96.AE.135.a)
According to the story of The Aeneid as told by Virgil, what is happening in the scene depicted on the front
of this vessel?
The
cyclops Polyphemos is getting his eye excvated by Odysseaus and his crew
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____________________________________________________________________________________
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11. Find the Candelabrum with a Dancer. (Etruscan, 500-450 BCE, Bronze, 96.AC.129.2) Where would one
find these candelabrum?
One would find candelabrum in an underworld banquet
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12. Find the Statue of a Victorious Athlete (The Getty Bronze). (Greek, 300-100 BCE, Bronze with inlaid
copper, 77.AB.30) Where do we think the statue originally came from and why?
3
Greece, because the olive wreath suggests it is from Olympia
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13. Find the Wreath (Greek, 3rd-2nd century BCE, Gold, 92.AM.89.1) These gold wreaths were modeled after
the laurel
floral wreaths to imitate those of _________________,
a tree sacred to Apollo.
14. Locate Portrait of Alexander the Great. (Greek, c. 320 BCE, Marble, 73.AA.27) How would portraits of
Alexander the Great be identified?
a. Angle of tilted head
b. Wavy hair
c. Cowlick
15. Who do we know was the designated sculptor of portraits depicting Alexander the Great?
We
know that the designated sculptor of portraits depicting Alexander the Great is Lysippos
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16. Locate the Grave Naisakos of Apollonia. (Greek, c. 100 BCE, Marble with polychromy, 74.AA.13) What
does the pomegranate reference?
The pomegranate references Persephone
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Roman Art Collection
1. From the location of Villa at Boscoreale, many fine Bronze Vessels were uncovered. This Amphorae.
(Roman, 1-79 CE, Bronze, 72.AC.139) displayed at the museum were used to hold
wine
____________________
at banquets. The handles of the vessel on the left are decorated with heads of
maenads
satyrs
________________________________
and _________________________.
2. Locate the bronze statue of Infant Bacchus .(Roman, c. 1-100 CE, Bronze with silver and copper,
96.AB.139) Bacchus was a god of what? Describe some interesting features about this particular sculpture
in the way that it looks? What materials other than bronze is this made of?
Bacchus was a God of wine. His face was old, meanwhile his body looked like it was of a childs.
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Other than bronze, this was also made of silver and copper.
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4
3. Locate the Sarcophagus with Scenes from the Life of Achilles (Roman, 180-220 C.E., Marble,
95.AA.80.1). Burial in a sarcophagus was a popular custom during the period from about 150 to 250 A.D.
Sarcophagi were mass produced in a few centers, one of which was Athens. Athenian sarcophagi were
carved on all four sides and often surmounted with reclining figures. Can you describe the event unfolding
in the front panel as interpreted from Virgil s The Aeneid during the Trojan War?
The
event unfolding in the front panel as interpreted from Virgil’s The Aeneid during the Trojan War,
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was
Achilles dragging Hector’s body.
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4. Find the Portrait Head of Augustus. (Roman, c. 25-1 BCE, Marble, 78.AA.261) Portraits of Augustus
served as symbols of his political agenda rather than corresponding to his physical features as described in
written sources. How would portraits of Augustus be identified? Identify those characteristics features in
his portraits.
Portraits of Augustus would be identified because he looked young and had hook shape locks on
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his forehead
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5. Find Portrait of a Woman with Divine Attributes. (Roman, c. 50 CE, Marble, 57.AA.19).
What are some of her divine attributes?
Lion and crown with city walls represent Cybele
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Wheat and poppies represent Ceres
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Cornicopia and rudder represent Fontina
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6. Find the Cinerarium with Lid. (Roman, about 20-40 C.E. Marble with traces of pigment, 72.AA.113).
What was this chest used for and what color is the residue of pigment?
This
chest was used to hold ashes and has red pigmentation
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7. Find Statue of a Man Wearing a Toga. (Roman, 50-100 CE, Marble, 76.AA.7). What material would the
Roman Toga typically be made of? Who would wear this garment?
The Roman Toga would typically be made of wool, and usually worn by Roman citizens such as
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priest, senators, and consuls
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5
____________________________________________________________________________________
8. Find Statue of Jupiter (Marbury Hall Zeus) (Roman, 100-1 BCE, Marble, 73.AA.32). What attributes
are missing to help us identify this god?
His thunderbolt and scepter are missing to identify this god
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9. Locate Statue of Venus Genetrix. (Roman, 100-200 CE, Marble, 96.AA.213) Describe why this figure of
Venus appears realistic. What does the word Genetrix mean in Latin?
This figure of Venus appears realistic because of the exaggerated features such as her
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breast to show she was a goddess of beauty. The word Genetrix means mother in Latin.
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10. Find the Sarcophagus representing a Dionysiac Vintage Festival. (Roman, 290-300 CE, Marble,
2008.14) What do depictions of making wine suggest in this Roman sarcophagus?
Depictions of making wine suggested fertility and rebirth in this Roman sarcophagus.
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6
PART II: Short Essay
Odysseus and the One-Eyed Cyclops
Length: 2-typed pages maximum; MLA format
Value: 50 points
Theme: Analysis of art telling the story of Homer s Od sseus and the One-Eyed Cyclops
FORMAT INSTRUCTIONS
Format: 12 pt. font; Times New Roman; 1-inch margins on each side; top and bottom; MLA Format
General Structure:
1. Introduction with your thesis statements
2. Supporting Paragraph(s). Each paragraph must start with a sentence that defines your
discussion in the paragraph below
3. Conclusion: Not merely a summary of what you discussed above but a larger discussion of
your original thesis.
Part A: Read the follo ing e cerpts from Homer s The Odyssey (Book IX) to give context to the scenes telling the
story of Odysseus confrontation with the One-Eye Cyclops, Polyphemus. Click on the following link:
Poetry in Translation website: Homer s The Odyssey
Part B: View TWO works of art from the Getty Villa Museum collection.
You are to view the following TWO orks of art that depict scenes from Homer s The Odyssey retelling the events
of Odysseus and his encounter with the One-Eyed Cyclops. You may search the works of art from the Getty
website: Getty Villa Museum Collection
1.
Pithos with the Blinding of Polyphemos (Workshop of the Calabresi Um, Etruscan, 650-625 BCE,
Terracotta, 96.AE.135.a) Not currently on view at the museum but can be viewed from the website.
2. Attic Black-Figure Column Krater (Mixing Vessel with Odysseus Escaping from the Cyclops
Cave), (Greek Attic, second half of 6th century B.C., Terracotta, (96.AE.303 )
Part C: Write your essay comparing the poem to the works of art.
Here are sample questions to consider in your discussion once you have read the poem and viewed the works of art
You may choose your own questions when evaluating the literature to the artworks.
Ho can o ela e he oem o he cene de ic ed on he o k of a ? I he na a ion de ic ed on he o k of a in ay
different than what you read in the poem? If so, provide a brief description of what sees different in your analysis.
How has the artist chosen to illustrate these scenes of the story?
How would you describe Odysseus? How does he react to the situations he finds himself in? Odysseus is known as the “quickwitted” and “wily” one. Does this story support his nickname? Why or why not?
7
PART II: Short Essay
Odysseus and the One-Eyed Cyclops
Length: 2-typed pages maximum; MLA format
Value: 50 points
Theme: Analysis of art telling the story of Homer’s Odysseus and the One-Eyed Cyclops
FORMAT INSTRUCTIONS
Format: 12 pt. font; Times New Roman; 1-inch margins on each side; top and bottom; MLA Format
General Structure:
1. Introduction with your thesis statements
2. Supporting Paragraph(s). Each paragraph must start with a sentence that defines your
discussion in the paragraph below
3. Conclusion: Not merely a summary of what you discussed above but a larger discussion of
your original thesis.
Part A: Read the following excerpts from Homer’s The Odyssey (Book IX) to give context to the scenes telling the
story of Odysseus confrontation with the One-Eye Cyclops, Polyphemus. Click on the following link:
Poetry in Translation website: Homer’s The Odyssey
Part B: View TWO works of art from the Getty Villa Museum collection.
You are to view the following TWO works of art that depict scenes from Homer’s The Odyssey retelling the events
of Odysseus and his encounter with the One-Eyed Cyclops. You may search the works of art from the Getty
website: Getty Villa Museum Collection
1.
Pithos with the Blinding of Polyphemos (Workshop of the Calabresi Um, Etruscan, 650-625 BCE,
Terracotta, 96.AE.135.a) Not currently on view at the museum but can be viewed from the website.
2. Attic Black-Figure Column Krater (Mixing Vessel with Odysseus Escaping from the Cyclops
Cave), (Greek Attic, second half of 6th century B…

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