EES 2021 Ceramic Basin Core Facies Relationships Lab Report: Geology Answers 2021

EES 2021 Ceramic Basin Core Facies Relationships Lab Report: Geology Answers 2021

EES 2021 Ceramic Basin Core Facies Relationships Lab Report: Geology Answers 2021

Question Title:

EES 2021 Ceramic Basin Core Facies Relationships Lab Report

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Name: ______________________________
The Geologic history/setting of an area can be interpreted with an understanding of the variation
in lateral and vertical facies. The goal of this exercise is to use well log data from the DT Drilling
Company to interpret the geologic setting. The DT Drilling Company also has a few questions
that need to be answered for a report to the National Association of Facies (NAF). Once you plot
the data, use the lateral and vertical changes in facies to answer the questions.
Part 1: Stratigraphic cross section of the Ceramic Basin
Method: Use the attached core data and plot the stratigraphic position of individual units. There
are six facies that have been recognized in these cores. The well log data uses only the
abbreviation for the facies. The top of each unit in the well log is given as meters below the
surface. Each core ends at 400m below the surface. Be sure to put a legend for your facies
somewhere on the core cross section figure.
Ceramic Basin Core Facies
Cg: Pinkish gray conglomerate, varying from clast to matrix supported. Many of the pebbles and
cobbles in this unit are from the underlying granite basement rock.
G: Granite basement rock.
L: Brownish black lacustrine (lake) claystone with fish fossils and mollusk shells.
M: Modern soil and unconsolidated sediments
Ms: Mudstone, reddish brown to brown, with root traces and occasional vertebrate fossil
throughout.
Ss: Trough crossbedded yellowish channel sandstone
V: White volcanic ash
Well Log
Core A: M at 0 m, Cg at 60 m; G at 100 m.
Core B: M at 0 m; Ss at 60 m; Cg at 70 m; Ss at 100 m; Cg at 120 m; Ss at 150 m; L at 160 m; Ss at 170
m; Cg at 180 m; Ss at 210 m; L at 230 m; Ss at 240 m; Cg at 250 m; Ss at 280 m; L at 310 m; Cg at 320
m; G at 340 m.
Core C: M at 0 m; L at 60 m; Cg at 70 m; Ss at 100 m; L at 120 m; Cg at 130 m; Ss at 160 m; Cg at 180
m; L at 220 m; Ss at 230 m; Cg at 240 m; L at 280 m; Ss at 290 m; G at 320 m.
Core D: M at 0 m; Ss at 60 m; Cg at 80 m; Ms at 100 m; Ss at 110 m; Cg at 130 m; L at 160 m; Ms at
170 m; Ss at 175m; Cg at 180 m; Ms at 210 m; Ss at 220 m; L at 240 m; Ss at 250 m; L at 270 m; Ss at
280 m; G at 320 m.
Name: ______________________________
Core E: M at 0 m; Ms at 60 m; Cg at 80 m; Ms at 100 m; L at 110 m; Ss at 120 m; Cg at 130 m; Ms at
160 m; Ss at 170 m; Ms at 190 m; Ss at 210 m; L at 220 m; Ss at 230 m; Ms at 250 m; Ss at 260 m; G at
280 m.
Core F: M at 0 m; Ms at 60 m; Ss at 80 m; Cg at 90 m; Ms at 100 m; Ss at 120 m; Ms at 130 m; Ss at 140
m; Ms at 150 m; Ss at 170 m; Ms at 180 m; Ss at 200 m; Ms at 210 m; Ss at 220 m; Ms at 230 m; Ss at
240 m; G at 260 m.
Core G: M at 0 m; Ms at 60 m; Ss at 80 m; Ms at 90 m; Ss at 120 m; Ms at 130 m; V at 160 m; Ms at
~161 m; Ss at 190 m; Ms at 200 m; G at 240 m.
Core H: M at 0 m; Ms at 60 m; Ss at 90 m; Ms at 100 m; V at 140 m; Ms at ~141 m; Ss at 150 m; Ms at
160 m; G at 200 m.
Core I: M at 0 m; Ms at 60 m; V at 120 m; Ms at ~121 m; G at 200 m.
NAF Questions:
1. Where is the fault located in this basin? Hint: It is between two of the columns. What type of
fault is it? Normal, reverse, or thrust?
2. Based on the facies relationships, which end of this basin has the highest subsidence rate?
How did you use the facies to determine this, and how has basin subsidence controlled facies
distribution?
3. Why does the same volcanic ash layer appear deeper in the cores across the basin?
Name: ______________________________
4. Draw a line on the map to show the approximate position of the fault. Label each side of the
fault with either U or D to represent which side moved up/down.
Part 2: Building a burial history diagram
Burial history diagrams illustrate the evolution of a basin through time. These curves are often
used to determine the thermal maturity of a basin during hydrocarbon exploration. In order to
assess the quality of a particular unit as a potential hydrocarbon target, we must first understand
its thermal (and therefore burial) history.
Method: Periods of deposition and erosion have been identified and quantified for you already.
Plot the following data on your blank burial history diagram.
Period
Triassic
Jurassic
Cretaceous
Paleogene
Neogene
Quaternary
Thickness (km)
0.5
1.5
3.0
0.5
-1.0
-0.5
Questions:
1. When are periods of subsidence and deposition? When are periods of uplift and erosion?
2. During what period was subsidence the greatest? What is the subsidence rate during this
period?
Name: ______________________________
3. If you were to target this basin for hydrocarbons, would you expect to find primarily natural
gas or oil?
10Cm
200 m
400 m
300 m


West
omA




Cm
100 m
• 200 m
300 m
400 m
B




omC
100 m
200 m
300 r
400 m
Om
200 m
-700 n

300 n
400 m
D




Om
100 m
200 m
300 a
400 m
E




Cm
lOOm
200 m
300 m
F


200 m
400 m
300 n

-100 m
Om
Ceramic Basin Core Data


400 m
G
*


Om
100 n
200 c
300 n
-400n
H



Om
100.1
200rn
30Cm
-‘
-400n7
I
East
Age (Ma)
201
252
Triassic
1
Depth (km)
2
3
4
5
145
Jurassic
66
Cretaceous
23
Paleogene
2.6
Neogene
0
Quaternary

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